Study of Human Capital in Poland (EN)
We hereby deliver to our readers the report summing up the first round of research, conducted as part of the Study of Human Capital in Poland project. This publication is especially important from the perspective of the series of five studies planned in the project, which is reflected in the specific structure of the report. It is divi ded into two parts – theoretical and empirical. The first of them presents the concept of human capital, which we followed while working on the design of the study. The initial results presented during the meeting with experts raised both interest and many questions concerning the understanding of competencies as applied during the studies. The question was embarked on in Chapter 2 – we present the sources we used to classify the competences and the way of measuring these competences, which – after many trials – was implemen ted in the studies. Defined in the same Chapter 2 are the crucial notions used to present the results, e.g. the understanding of occupational groups and differences between the notions of occupations and jobs, and also differences between competences and qualifications. Chapter 3 is the description of the methodological con cept which was used for the study and allowed the entire multi-aspect research project to be encompassed. The second part of the report is of an empirical character – it presents the most crucial results concerning hu man capital in Poland and aims at combining the conclusions from various research modules. Chapter 4 is the first diagnosis of human resources capital owned by Poles to be so extensive at the national scale. It contains the answers to a number of key questions that were posed while designing the research. First, it presents the educational paths of the Polish people – explains what the plans of students of institutions of higher education and the students of upper secondary schools are as far as continuation of learning and/or entering the labour market is concerned, and generally what the quality of education of Polish society AD 2010 looks like. In this context, it was important to present the data concerning the additional and later education of Poles – on what the concept of lifelong learning practically looks like. This is followed by the presentation of the competency resources that can be used in the labour market. Another question that the reader may find an answer to in this part is remuneration expectations and how the assessment of competences in hand influences those. From the perspective of research, it turned out that one of the most important factors that influence the shape of the labour market and the situation of various people within this market is the breakdown by genders – women and men, and feminine and masculine occupations – which is also presented in the chapter. Closing, we show how the age influences the competence resources in hand.
Chapter 1. Human capital
Chapter 2. Competencies as an indication of human capital
Chapter 3. Methodology of the study
Chapter 4. Diagnosis of human capital in Poland
Chapter 5. Diagnosis of competency shortages and gaps
Chapter 6. Development of human capital in Poland: the main challenges